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Get to Know the Tornado Warning Systems

Tornados are among the deadliest forces found in nature. The United States has the highest number of and most dangerous tornadoes on earth. An average of 1,000 tornadoes touch down here each year, accounting for 75% of all tornadoes in the world. While the states in Tornado Alley are at the highest risk – namely Nebraska, South Dakota, Oklahoma, Texas and Kansas – tornadoes have been reported in every state, even Alaska and Hawaii.

If you live in Tornado Alley, it’s likely your city or town has sirens to warn the public of an incoming storm. While this method has served the public well for decades, new technology gives you other ways to keep up with the latest severe weather information.

History of Tornado Warning Systems

In the late 1800s, the US army started studying the science behind tornadoes and how to predict them. However, they decided it wasn’t wise to issue public warnings for fear of causing panic and chaos. Even mention of the word “tornado” was banned.

This thinking changed in 1948 when a tornado tore through Oklahoma’s Tinker Air Force base, causing millions of dollars worth of damage and killing several people. By this point, large outdoor sirens were already being used in Europe to warn civilians of air strikes during World War II. The concept came to America in 1950 when President Harry Truman responded to the threat of the Cold War by setting up sirens to warn of an atomic attack that never came.

In 1970 – with the Cold War over and many functional sirens still in place – government officials began using sirens as a tornado warning system. Many of these sirens are still in place, but sometimes power loss and other issues prevent them from working when they’re needed most. This was the case in April 2011 when several tornadoes tore across Wisconsin, but the warning sirens remained eerily silent.

That’s why newer technology – from TV to radio to text messaging – is used today to warn the public of approaching tornadoes. Utilizing multiple systems increases the chance that every citizen will hear about the storm and seek shelter.

How to Stay Informed of Severe Weather

Whether you live in Tornado Alley and have sirens in your town, or you live in a lower-risk state, follow these tips so you never miss the latest tornado warning:

Keep your cell phone on you

As long as your cell phone has a signal, you can receive a warning message from the Wireless Emergency Alert system. When a tornado warning is issued in a particular county, every cell tower in the area transmits a warning to all phones within range.

The incoming alert has a different sound than just a normal text message or ringtone to catch your attention. The alert also has a text message attached with a brief explanation of the warning and advice to take shelter immediately.

Storm alerts don’t work with older phones, so contact your wireless provider to make sure your cell is compatible. If not, consider upgrading. No fee is required to participate in and receive storm alerts.

Turn on the news or the radio

If you look outside and notice dark, swirling clouds, tune in to your local news station (on TV or the radio) for an update. If a bad storm is coming, normal coverage should be replaced by emergency storm updates and tornado warnings.

Buy a NOAA Weather Radio

Set up the radio in your living room or kitchen. Keep it plugged in and install batteries in case the power goes out. Go to the NOAA website to find out what frequency to tune in to for real-time weather updates in your area. When there’s a tornado warning or other emergency to report, the radio automatically begins broadcasting the information you need to know.

Plan to use a combination of these tornado warning systems to stay up-to-date on the latest severe weather conditions in your area. For more tips to help you prepare for a tornado, or to schedule cleanup services following a natural disaster, please contact Rainbow International®. We’re here to help restore your home and get your life back on track.

 

For Further Reading:

More Than the Funnel: Severe Weather Tornado Signs

Tornado Shelters: Where to Take Cover When a Tornado Strikes

Why So Many Tornados in Tornado Alley?

Most Common Tornado Damage